Gangrene spots/mortified flesh. Alfred J. Drake. What rumors about the plague and the people of London does H.F. endeavor to debunk? He also believed that if people decided to remain that they must have enough provisions to weather the storm and must remain shut up in their houses for the duration. Defoe is a master of depicting human suffering during the plague through his usage of powerful images and evocations of sound. A Journal of the Plague Year what kind of man is Defoes imaginary reporter in A Journal of the Plague. Not affiliated with Harvard College. How does Defoe suggest the horror and human suffering of the plague? He believed that the poor were affected far more intensely than the rich, and commended the government for taking care of them as best they could. Flashcards. However, H.F. fills the narrative with reasons why the shutting up of houses was ineffectual and dangerous. Not only does he continuously refer to the plague as God's will, he bases his decision to remain within the city on a moment of bibliomancy. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Londoners went about their business,... A Journal of the Plague Year study guide contains a biography of Daniel Defoe, literature essays, a complete e-text, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis. Why do you think H.F. decides to celebrate his living through the plague in verse? Choose from 179 different sets of A Journal of the Plague Year flashcards on Quizlet. Write. Learn. He plays down or refutes outright any negative stories that reach his ears, such as claims that the plague-stricken purposefully infected others or mobs rose often among the poor. A Journal of the Plague Year is a novel by Daniel Defoe, 1660-1731, first published in March 1722. A Journal of the Plague Year is one of Daniel Defoe's most popular and strangest works; it is an amalgam of history and fiction that attempts to relate what life was like in London during the plague of 1665-66. 1. However, Defoe used real historical sources in writing this work; he includes bills of mortality, copious data and statistics, and medical information. Check my page for more answers to English 12 - British Literature questions and more! McKeever, Christine ed. Some could control their bodies, many caused self-inflicted pain and yet others killed their own children. (Haz clic acá para español. How do Londoners feel about religion during the plague? Defoe lived through the plague (he was about five at the time), so Journal of the Plague Year is an interesting "firsthand experience," although probably mostly secondhand. Please share your story about the impact of Covid-19 by filling out this page. "A Journal of the Plague Year Essay Questions". SUBSCRIBE HERE https://goo.gl/uOq9vg TO OUR CHANNEL. The novel is a fictionalised account of one man's experiences of the year 1665, in which the Great Plague struck the city of London. He is also a man who feels guilt intensely, and much of his internment in his house is spent praying and confessing. Hackney coach drivers had to follow certain rules if a sick person rode with them. As H.F. relates in his narration, many outsiders believed that the people of London were almost completely given over to selfishness, avarice, and immorality. Log in to ask a question. Which of the following best describes a new understanding created by reading and comparing Inferno: A Doctor’s Ebola Story and A Journal of the Plague Year? It would desensitize a person to the notion of death. However, H.F. later realizes he was in error, and bitterly laments his decision. As this is a first-person narrative, information about H.F. can only be gleaned from his personal recollections and ruminations. Begging was prohibited. This question has consumed critics of the Journal since its publication. Since there were only a couple of pest-houses, which were quite inaccessible to the poor, the shutting up of houses was really the only way to prevent sick people from walking about and infecting others. The novel is written in the first-person and chronicles the spread of the bubonic plague in London in 1665. Ultimately, their efforts are successful, especially as major riots were avoided and many people did emerge unscathed from the distemper. H.F. is also very contradictory and fickle; he cannot seem to make up his mind on whether or not the shutting up of houses was ultimately beneficial or not. All; Answered; Unanswered; Active; A Journal of the Plague Year What are the major themes of The Plague Year? H.F. takes pains to debunk these rumors. The book is told roughly chronologically, though without sections or chapter headings. Home A Journal of the Plague Year Q & A Ask a question and get answers from your fellow students and educators. They were merciful and generous and made sure their poorer denizens had enough to eat. On the one hand, there is a fictional narrator and his story of survival is a product of Defoe's imagination. Thirdly, the practice made people immeasurably angrier, crazed, and depressed than they would have been if they were allowed to go free. What are some of the treatments they used on those infected by the plague? Graphic: A (markets) journal of the plague year . H.F.'s narration, furthermore, is barely even that: it is a messy, digressive, rambling, contradictory, nonlinear affair, populated with government documents (the bills of Mortality and the Orders) and data. Many of the people in the city constantly wore a sorrowful expression. The city also tried to crack down on assemblies of many people, closing down plays, games, and other gatherings at taverns and alehouses. They confessed their sins, prayed for mercy, and tried to alter their ways. Home > A Journal of the Plague Year > Homework Help > Answered Ask a question and get answers from your fellow students and educators. Published in 1722, Defoe’s text is technically a novel, but historians and epidemiologists have praised it as an accurate report of life in London during “the Great Plague.” Defoe, who is most famous for his novel Robinson Crusoe, did live in London in 1665, but he was only five years old. Grieving fathers, dying mothers, and feeble old women populate his narration. Describe the burial pits and the scene H.F. observes. If reading Daniel Defoe’s A Journal of the Plague Year has made you want to hear more from the people who witnessed the events of 1665 and 1666, you’re in luck. Get an answer for 'According to Defoe in A Journal of the Plague Year, what attempts were made to cure people?' By applying hot packs to soften the sore and cutting into them with knifes. All in all, they behaved quite admirably. Watchmen were bribed or lied to. There were several responses to religion during the plague. Learn A Journal of the Plague Year with free interactive flashcards. There is not much background information on H.F. provided in the Journal. A Journal of the Plague Year is a book about grief, sadness, death, survival, redemption, sin, hope, and faith. Defoe prints the Orders at length in the Journal, revealing a city government that was trying, in the most organized fashion possible, to control the plague and keep the city calm and orderly. Terms in this set (...) The plague altered the face of London. "It was about the Beginning of September 1664..." to "But I must go back to the Beginning of this Surprizing Time...", "But I must go back again to the Beginning of this Surprizing Time..." to "These Orders of my Lord Mayor's were publish'd...", Summary and Analysis for "These Orders of my Lord Mayor's were publish'd..." to "In other Cases, some had Gardens, and Walls...", "In other Cases, some had Gardens, and Walls..." to "It was thought that there were not less than 10000 Houses forsaken...", "It was thought that there were not less than 10000 Houses forsaken..." to "I have already mentioned the Surprize...", "I have already mentioned the Surprize..." to "I returned to my own Dwelling very well satisfied with my Days Journey...", "I returned to my own Dwelling very well satisfied with my Days Journey..." to "Here the Watch plac'd upon Bow Bridge would have question'd them...", "Here the Watch plac'd upon Bow Bridge would have question'd them..." to "I give this Story thus at large...", "I give this Story thus at large..." to "This might be sufficient to convince any reasonable Person...", "This might be sufficient to convince any reasonable Person..." to "This leads me again to mention the Time...", "This leads me again to mention the Time..." to "It is true, that the next Year made them full amends by another terrible Calamity upon the City...", "It is true, that the next Year made them full amends by another terrible Calamity upon the City..." to the End of the Novel, Read the Study Guide for A Journal of the Plague Year…, Defoe's A Journal of the Plague Year: An Examination of the Effects of Apocalyptic Disease on Humanity, Class Distinctions in A Journal of the Plague Year, Autonomy and the Physical Body: Defoe's "A Journal of the Plague Year" and Pope's "The Rape of the Lock", The Plague Diaries of Samuel Pepys and Daniel Defoe: A Historical Overview, View our essays for A Journal of the Plague Year…, Read the E-Text for A Journal of the Plague Year…, View Wikipedia Entries for A Journal of the Plague Year…. They thought the plague was spread person to person but it was actually spread from rats to fleas to humans. Also, he didn't come in contact with enough people to spread it effectively. His work was to provide advice, instruction, and comfort to people who feared a return of the 1665 distemper. A Journal of the Plague Year. Explain the ways the author believed it changed everything. Match. Why do you think the narrator chooses not to name the merchant? Thus, religion was comforting for most people and was a way to attempt to give some meaning to the terrible distemper. Is the Journal better classified as fact or fiction? There were rules regarding the burial of the dead and the clothing of infected persons. and find homework help for other A Journal of the Plague Year questions at eNotes No, as stated the plague spread from fleas to humans. How much does the death toll decrease the week the plague begins to subside? What do the Orders reveal about the city's management of the plague? He is touched by the stories of human suffering and redemption during the plague. Asked by veersingh. Daniel Defoe Study Questions. Healthy people fell sick when imprisoned in their house with sick relatives. Houses were to be clearly marked. They could not watch every window and every door of every house, and many families were able to escape under their very noses. Last updated by Jill D on 10 Dec 16:49 Answers: 1. Others pointed to the plague as an example of the wrath of God, who was passing judgment upon the city. As Londoners observed an ending to the plague, they began acting carelessly. He is remarkably sympathetic and understanding of the plight of the poor, commending the virtue he observes. It is a novel – actually, it is more a set of loose vignettes – but offers a description of what people during this period thought of and remembered about the plague. A Journal of the Plague Year study guide contains a biography of Daniel Defoe, literature essays, a complete e-text, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis. He is a compassionate man, full of mercy and kindness for the poor and the sick. Daniel Defoe's A Journal of the Plague Year is a first-person, mostly nonlinear narrative told by protagonist H.F., an unmarried saddler whose name is only revealed by his signature at the end of the work. Red tape holding up $8.5 billion of works, Italy's Autostrade says By Reuters - Jan 21, 2021. How does the man cure himself of the plague? He takes pains to reveal to the outside world that the city's civility did not collapse; although things were tragic and confusing, they were not chaotic or disorderly. Browse Questions. Add a Comment. He warned people against wasting their money on quacks and mountebanks, and to be more rational about how the plague was spread. Home | Syllabus | Policies. Last updated by Jill D on 10 Dec 16:49 Answers: 1. Firstly, it simply did not work as well as officials had hoped. How do people act toward the end of the plague? 1: That the dead cart workers helped him down in one ending. Defoe wrote the Journal when information of the plague returning to Marseilles was circulating London. The people of London, particularly the poor, reacted to these omens and prophecies in a hysterical, irrational fashion. Londoners in 1665 were particularly superstitious, and many of them claimed to have divined omens and prophecies predicting the plague and its function as a tool of God's wrath and judgement. All; Answered; Unanswered; Active; A Journal of the Plague Year What are the major themes of The Plague Year? Old women began having strange dreams, seeing apparitions, and envisioning angels with flaming swords descend from the clouds. Ask a Question. The Journal, then, seems to be a hybrid of history and fiction. The most conspicuous omens were the comets - one for the plague and one for the fire, as the people believed. On the one hand, he lauds city officials for this practice, realizing that it kept a great many sick people off of the streets. In the end, it does not seem to matter much whether or not this work is a novel or a record; it is both, and it is immeasurably moving and meaningful. This happy development was short-lived, however, and conditions returned to normal after the plague. JOTPY, established at Arizona State University, is a rapid response collecting project dedicated to archiving digital objects that reflect the day-to-day life of COVID-19 around the globe. Among these initiatives were A Journal of the Plague Year: A COVID-19 Archive (JOTPY) and The COVID-19 Oral History Project (C19OH). Start studying Journal of a Plague year Questions. Copyright © 1999 - 2021 GradeSaver LLC. How do some people react to the rage and torment of the plague? PLAY. Many of the tales are anecdotal or apocryphal; some are clearly embellished or invented, such as the tale of a man so burdened with grief that his body began to stoop lower, or the story of a man running furiously into the Thames, bursting his swellings, and thus curing himself of the plague. What are the two contradictory endings of the poor piper anecdote? STUDY . He jumps into the river and swims which stretched out his sores and the water cooled his temperature. Many watchmen were beaten and killed by angry citizens who wanted to leave. He is unmarried and a saddler by profession. A Journal of the Plague Year Essay Questions 1 What are H.F.'s views on the poor people of London? from Daniel Defoe, A Journal of the Plague Year (pp. Defoe allows his (mostly) fictional narrator to utilize both fact and fiction to relate a story of immense tragedy and suffering. He does not believe that nurses were prone to killing their patients. Fortunetellers and philosophers spread their ideas that a calamity was coming. He knew the sexton who attended the burial pit. Written by a CITIZEN who continued all the while in London. Because it was an incredibly depressing time. Test. After landing upon a verse from Psalms about plague and endurance, he feels like he has received a mandate from God to stay. How does the narrator gain access to the burial pit? What are H.F.'s views on the shutting up of houses? He does not believe that infected people purposefully infected the healthy. H.F., the narrator, is apparently based on Defoe's own uncle, Henry Foe. Although H.F. notes that the shutting up of houses was unpopular, the government of London is to be commended for their fair, reasonable, and orderly system to prevent the plague from spreading. He does not believe that the poor people wanted to form mobs or ravage the houses of the rich. He gives away his own money to the boatman so he could feed his family. Asked by prwz. A Journal of the Plague Year essays are academic essays for citation. GradeSaver, 28 October 2012 Web. )We accept all sorts of materials into the digital archive, including textual stories and digital objects—images, video, audio interviews, tweets, Facebook posts, Instagram or Snapchat memes, PDFs, screenshots of the news and emails. Created by. He tells stories of nursing mothers who transmit the plague to their children; fathers whose entire households are wiped out; and beloved family members left to moulder alone in abandoned houses. Finally, he supports the city officials and corrects any rumors that they did not pick up dead bodies. Defoe's imagination is vibrant, and many of the stories related are clearly fictional. The novel is perhaps the most realistic art form--the one most in need of describing a world contemporary readers find authentic. Their ignorance was all-consuming. They embraced religion and poured out anguished confessions and asked for redemption. Published in 1722, nearly 57 years after the events depicted, the work is a first-person narrative told from the perspective of H.F., a saddler. This is one of the key takeaways from Daniel Defoe’s A Journal of the Plague Year. Gravity. 23-49). Watchmen were ordered to stand guard outside the houses so no one could escape. Overall, H.F. has a kind and sympathetic tone in his writing on the poor; this is rather unprecedented in the literature on the plague, which tended to demonize the poor and fret about their immoral, teeming presence in the city. I don't understand what you mean by Inferno. Osborne, Kristen. The Journal is a tale of his experiences during the plague that afflicted London in 1665; the work is thus fiction but is peppered with statistics, data, charts, and government documents. Thankfully, as the doctors in particular began to prove themselves false, the people of London ceased their interaction with them, and the community of mountebanks and fake astrologers faded. H.F. vacillates on his opinion of whether or not the shutting up of houses was beneficial or not. He tells stories of great charity, humility, and sincere grief and lament. He is never more contradictory in the Journal on any other topic. A Journal of the Plague Year by Daniel Defoe being Observations or Memorials of the most remarkable occurrences, as well public as private, which happened in London during the last great visitation in 1665. He has siblings who fled the city when the plague arrived. He shows great compassion for the domestic servants who became afflicted with the distemper in higher numbers and were often fired when the house no longer needed their services. Defoe himself was only a small child at the time of the plague, so he … Related Articles. FRESH CONTENT UPLOADED DAILY. H.F. is keen to present a portrait of the people of London that is fair and balanced. They gave their money to worthless quack doctors who promised to keep them healthy. A Journal of the Plague Year by Daniel Defoe, published in 1722, recounts the plague in London and environs in 1665 (beginning in the fall of 1664). Finally, he hoped his Journal would change the hearts and minds of people; they should be more moral, reasonable, and grateful for their deliverance. 520 | W 3-4 | ajdrake@ajdrake.com. Rotting food was to be destroyed, as well as the animals that roamed about the city. Browse Questions. They began to give their money to fortunetellers and purchased amulets, charms, and philters to protect themselves from the plague. You'll get access to all of the A Journal of the Plague Year content, as well as access to more than 30,000 additional guides and more than 350,000 Homework Help questions answered by … How do the people of London react to the good news? The people believed they were out of harm's way and began to run about in public and not pay attention to whom they associated with. What did Defoe see on the way to his brother's house? Secondly, the practice was dangerous. Finally, though religious, he is also a very rational man: he excoriates the fortunetellers and quacks who preyed on the poor, refuses to believe the stories of angels and demons and spirits, and rejects any absurd hypotheses as to how the plague spread. He appears to be a profoundly religious man. How do you think experiencing a plague of this magnitude would change a persons attitude toward life and death. He lives with several domestic servants in Aldgate parish. Share Your Story. Key Concepts: Terms in this set (26) What did the infected people find on themselves? Spell. They also burnt them with acid. They rolled the dead bodies, mostly naked, to burial pits and causally tossed the bodies in. Thus, this practice was imperfect and H.F. was divided in his opinion. He counseled that the best advice was to run away from the plague. Last updated by Cat on 26 Jun 00:55 Answers: 1. A Journal of the Plague Year. PLAY. Overview. Office: Hum. H.F. did these very things as well, pointing multiple times to the fact that the plague was from God and spending a copious amount of time praying to be absolved of his sins. He therefore debunks several rumors and refuses to believe many of the anecdotes that reach his ears. Only then could the people avoid being sequestered with the sick or have to come into contact with them in church or the marketplace. A Journal of the Plague Year Questions and Answers The Question and Answer sections of our study guides are a great resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss literature. resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel. vorpse. H.F. also notes that many of the religious breaches present before the plague were temporarily healed; Londoners went to any church they felt like attending and heard sermons from speakers they would have shunned before the plague. In order to protect the reputation of the family. 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