(a): Slime moulds are peculiar protista that normally take the form of amoebae, but under certain conditions develop fruiting bodies that release spores, superficially similar to the sporangia of fungi. Malaria fever coincides with liberation of. RNA is genetic material in other viruses like poliomyelitis, foot and mouth disease virus and tobacco mosaic virus etc. The artificial system is based on one or a few characters that are easily observable. 16. (ii) Eclipse period involves the synthesis of new phage DNA and proteins. Mangifera indica belongs to Phylum Angiospermae. The term taxon was coined by Adolf Meyer (1926) for animals and H.J Lam (1948) used this term in plant Science. 2. Locomotory organelles (cilia, flagella. (a) Identification and arrangement of organisms on the basis of cytological characteristics A group of plu.nts or animals with siuilar traits of any rank is. In Quercus garryana, Quercus is the genus or generic name, and garryana is the specific epithet. A taxon is assigned a rank and can be placed at a particular level in a systematic hierarchy reflecting evolutionary relationships. The macronucleus controls metabolism such as feeding and maintaenance, whereas the macronucleus takes and important role in reproduction and stores genetic information, hence it is also termed as reproductive nucleus whereas macronucleus is termed as vegetative nucleus. This is because they lack nucleus, DNA is naked and is folded variously to form nucleoid in the centre of the protoplast. The foundations of ICBN are given in book written by C. Linnaeus named Philosophia Botanica. 1. Check the below NCERT MCQ Questions for Class 11 Biology Chapter 1 The Living World with Answers Pdf free download. When the mosquito bites man, sporozoites present in the salivary gland of female Anopheles mosquito are injected into the blood of the man. Kingdom, division and species come under taxon but key is taxonomical aid. 1. (d) Protistans, Question 17. ICBN is associated with nomenclature of (a) Animals (b) Plants (c) Bacteria (d) Virus. 43. (b): Protists include all unicellular and colonial eukaryotes except those of green and red algae. it has more than one form. Which one of the following is a slime mould? (c) lithosphere (d) nucleoprotein in direct contact with the rest of the cell substance. The parasite is transmitted by blood sucking tse-tse fly, Glossina palpalis. They are basically unicellular but can be mycelial, colonial and filamentous. de candolle Linnaeus Aristotle Theophrastus. TOS4. 3. Explanation: (c): In Amoeba and Paramecium osmoregulation occurs through contractile vacoule. Answer: (c) Carolus Linnaeus (c): Ex situ conservation means “offsite conservation”. (c): Binomial nomenclature is the formal system of naming species. Paramaecium contains two contractile vacuoles which have fixed position. 35. (c) Carolus Linnaeus The number of common characters is maximum in case of organisms placed in the lowest category. Essay on Leadership: Introduction, Functions, Types, Features and Importance. (d) Kinesiology – Fossil study, Question 2. Here they multiply by schizogony. 3. (d) Retroviruses are causative agents for certain kinds of cancer in man. In numerical taxonomy as many characters as possible are employed for evaluating degree of similarity and difference. Question 4. Living World MCQs. 50. NOMENCLATURE - some MCQ; How to crack JEE & NEET ! (V) Chemical trcatent of huma faeces to be used as fertilizer. (i) Female Anopheles mosquito: Here the sexual phase of the malaria parasite occurs and it is considered the definitive host of material parasite, (ii) Human beings: Here the asexual phase of malaria parasite occurs. (b): According to Whittaker’s system, blue green algae are placed in kingdom monera which is the kingdom of prokaryotes. Food is absorbed through the body surface. ... C Indian Code of Botanical Nomenclature . In other words, it is the study of diversity of organisms, their comparative and evolutionary relationships based on comparative anatomy, ecology, physiology, biochemistry and other fields. View Answer Discuss. Each of these categories has been divided further into intermediate categories like subkingdom, subdivision, superclass, subgenus, subspecies etc. (b): Bentham and Hooker in their monumental work Genera Plantarum (1862-1883) have provided elaborate keys for the easy identification of202 natural orders and genera. 28. 9. (b) membrane bound nucleo proteins lying embedded in the cytoplasm, (c) gene containing nucleoproteins condensed together in loose mass. Artificial system of classification was first used by. Thus viruses are obligatory intercellular parasites. These sporozoites are spindle-shaped or sickle- shaped uninucleate organisms capable of wrigging (worm­like) movements. (b) Gymnospermae (a): The tailed bacteriophages contain a hollow helical tail which serves both as cell attachment organ and as a tube that facilitates the entry of nucleic acid into the host cell. (b) Structure of cell and development process of organisms. 51. Species is a group of individuals that remain relatively constant in their characteristics; can be distinguished from other species and do not normally interbreed. December 19. Answer: (a) their failure to interbreed So the phylogenetic classification is based on the evolutionary descent of a group of organisms and the relationships are depicted through a phylogram and a cladogram. Static concept of species was put forward by. In addition they lack membrane bound organelles including endoplasmic reticulum and ribosomes are of 70s type. (b) herpetology (c) ichthyology (d) Key. (c): Biosystematics is the study of identification, nomenclature classification and relationships amongst living beings. 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(a): A taxonomic hierarchy is the sequence of arrangement of taxonomic categories in a descending order during the classification of an organism. Trypanosoma belongs to class zooflagellata which comes under the group mastigophora. Disclaimer Copyright. (d) All of the above. (c) Poacae The parasite is transmitted by blood sucking tse-tse fly, Glossina palpalis. Solanum, Panthera, Homo are examples of 29. Biological Classification MCQs. (b) important for plants (b): Taxonomy and classification are a part of the broader field of systematics which is the study of diversity of organisms. It is an obligate parasite and is pathogenic. Here indica, tuberosum, Leo are species of genera Mangifera, Solatium and Pantera respectively. In the natural system of classification the organisms are arranged on the basis of all known taxonomic characters instead of one or first few. These Electric Charges and Fields Objective Questions with Answers are important for competitive exams like AIIMS, NEET, IIT, JEE and others Board Exams etc. (c) Identification of newly discovered organisms All of them are endoparasites. Biology Question Bank – 74 MCQs on “Cell and It’s Structural Component” – Answered! (d) Lucknow. Which one of the following statements about viruses is correct? (b) George Bentham and Joseph Dalton Hooker ICBN, "International Code of Botanical Nomenclature”, is the collection of rules of scientific nomenclature of plants and was first proposed by Sprague, Hitchcock, Green (1930) but was accepted in 1961. Question 14. Jan 19,2021 - Test: The Living World | 20 Questions MCQ Test has questions of NEET preparation. Plasmodium malariae causes quartan malaria. Nomenclature (la) Choisis la bonne réponse selon les trois proposées . Species is lowest or basic taxonomic category, e.g., mango {Mangifera indica), potato (Solanum tuberosum), lion (Panthera Leo). Flagellum reduced and fibril-like embedded in cytoplasm. The cryptogams were included in flowering plants. It is based on complexity of cell structure, body organization and mode of nutrition. 26. April 25. Surrounding this membrane is a region containing many tiny feeder vacuoles and mitochondria. 10. Question 13. Two or more such forms occur either in one or both the hosts in the life cycles of various species of Trypanosoma. The genetic material is linear DNA, enclosed by nuclear envelope, complexed with proteins and organised into distinct chromosomes. Number of common characters decreases with the rise in category. Sir Ronald Ross in 1897, a doctor in Indian Army, established that malaria parasite is transmitted by the bite of a female Anopheles mosquito and in 1902; he got Nobel Prize for this discovery. Numerical taxonomy evolved around 1950. 11. National Botanical Research Institute is located in Lucknow. July 1. An important criterion for modern day classification is. (II) Purification of drinking water (by boiling). 40. (c): Amoebiasis can be prevented by drinking boiled water as it mainly occurs by ingestion of cysts of E. histolytica in food or drinks. Published by Experts, 4 Important Principles of an Organization – Explained, Essay on the Importance of Radiology and Imaging Services in Hospitals. Huchinson wrote a book titled “The Families of Flowering Plants.”, 41. This classification takes into account the cytological, morphological, genetical, anatomical, palynological and physiological characters. The book ‘Genera Plant arum’ was written by, 40. (d) Entamoeba gingivalis spread by Housefly. (a): The International Code of Botanical Nomenclature (ICBN) is a set of rules and recommendations dealing with the formal botanical names given to plant. Once within the numan blood, the sporozoites get into liverto invade the hepatic cells. The single stranded RNA is generally linear and constitutes about 10% of the virus particle. Living organisms are formed of several organic as well as inorganic biomolecules. (d) Ant. (a) Shimla It divides by schizogony (multiple fission) and forms a large number of uninucleate cells, the cryptomerozoites. Explanation: Question 11. (d): A taxon (plural taxa) or taxonomic unit, is a name designating an organism or group of organisms. Introduction. Tobacco mosaic virus is a tubular filament of size. La nomenclature des organismes vivants est régie par différents codes internationaux. 5. 14. it completes its life cycle in two hosts. (c): R.H. Whittaker had proposed a five kingdom system of biological classification in 1969. The Phylogenetic system of classification was put forth by A are small, microscopic which are not seen with naked eye. These are heterotrophic, phototrophic or chemotrophic in their mode of nutrition. Regnum Vegetabile 154. (d) extinct species. 23. Principle I states that botanical nomenclature is independent of zoological and bacteriological nomenclature. D Indian Congress of Biological Names . (b) Flowers are large The disease is transmitted by shade loving tsetse fly (Glossinapalpalis) which acts as the vehicle that carries the culprit protozoan parasite. (a) Ernst Mayr A healthy person acquires infection when a female Anopheles mosquito, containing infective stages of parasite (sporozoites) in its salivary glands, bites him for sucking his blood. Exo-erythrocvic phase: Cryptomerozoites enter fresh liver cells to become metacryptozoites. (d) Panthera leo Order – leo Family – Felidae Phylum – Mammalia. 45. 16. Solanum, Panthera, Homo are examples of generic names. 6. (c) their similarity in morphological characters (b): Classification given by Bentham and Hooker is Natural System. (c): Viruses like bacteriophage T4 undergo lytic cycle that involves lysis of bacteria. Check the below NCERT MCQ Questions for Class 11 Biology Chapter 1 The Living World with Answers Pdf free download. 54. Each contractile vacuole is surrounded by 5-12 radial canals. (a) Flowers are attractive (b): Phenetic classification is a type of numerical taxonomy. Explanation: They do not have enzymes for protein synthesis. Systematics takes into account evolutionary relationship between organisms. (d) troposphere. Liver schizogony has two phases, pre-erythrocytic and exo-erythrocytic: Pre-crythrocytic phase: After penetrating a hepatic cell each sporozoite becomes a cryptozoite. It is followed by spore formation, hence sporozoans. New species originate from already existing species. (IV) Covering of the food articles by the traders. Botanical gardens serve as ex situ conservation of germplasm of different plants, to maintain rare and endemic plant species and also to provide recreation and knowledge about plants to a comnian man. They multiply only inside the living host cell and for multiplication they take over the machinery of the host cell. February 22. (b): The main vertebrate host is human. 17. Here they multiply asexually by schizogony. Food is absorbed through the body surface. Then the viral genetic material penetrates into the host cell. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about Essay. Play this game to review Other. They are broadly divided into three groups – photosynthetic, slime moulds and protozoans. The organisms are classified into five kingdoms: Kingdom Monera; Kingdom Protista; Kingdom Fungi; Kingdom Plantae; Kingdom Animalia. (a) Musca domestica Order – Diptera Family – Muscidae Phylum – Arthropoda In five kingdom system, the main basis of classification of, 44. 7. 33. 24. (c): Laveran discovered that malaria is caused by protozoan parasite (Plasmodium) in 1880. Schizont stage of Plasmodium occurs in human cells. (d) they provide the natural habitat for wild life. November 6. Le Code international de nomenclature pour les algues, les champignons et les plantes (CIN) est l'ensemble des règles et recommandations qui définissent l'élaboration des noms scientifiques attribués aux plantes, et autres organismes « traditionnellement considérés comme plantes » bien que n'en étant pas tous selon les critères actuels, comme les champignons et les cyanobactéries. (a) class-phylum-tribe-order family- genus species, (b) di vision-class-family-tribe-order-genus- species, (c) division-class-order-family-tribe-genus- species, (d) phylum-order-class-tribe-family-genus- species. (b): Trypanosoma gambiense was first observed by Forde in 1901. They may be passed in one (monogenetic) or two different hosts (digenetic). Due to presence of these characters in arehaea and nitrogen- fixing organisms they are placed under monera. Undulating membrane inconspicuous. This interval of time or the incubation period is utilized by the parasites to increase their progeny. 15. Life cycle consists of two distinct asexual and sexual phases. it completes its life cycle in two hosts, asexual cycle in man and sexual cycle in Anophelesmosquito. So they are included under prokaryotes. Explanation: Mouth and contractile vacuole are absent. Biological Classification MCQ with detailed explanation for interview, entrance and competitive exams. Answer: (c) Genera ‘Histuria plantarum’ and Darwin proposed the theory of natural selection or origin of species. Two taxonomic species are distinguished from each other by their failure to interbreed. Viruses that infect bacteria multiply and catise their lysis, are called, 53. (d): Plasmodium is digenetic i.e. (d) None of the above. 57 Questions with Answers and Explanations on Biological Classification for Biology Students. 8. A lot of subjectivity can creep in depending upon the judgement of the biosystematist. Share Your Essays.com is the home of thousands of essays published by experts like you! This malaria is most harmful. 18. The code applies equally to names of taxonomic groups treated as plants wheather or not these groups were originally so treated. Biological classification is the process of grouping living organisms on the basis of their similarities and dissimilarities. They multiply only inside the living host cells and for this they take over the machinery of the host cell. It causes malignant (or pernicious or cerebral or tropical) tertian malaria. The essence of it is that each species name is in (modern scientific) Latin and has two parts, so that it is also sometimes popularly known as the ‘Latin name of the species’, although this terminology is frowned upon by biologists, who prefer the phrase scientific name. (b) Alexander Agassiz 56. 19. 17. All characteristics used in analysis are given equal weightage and importance. (ii) Leptomonad (promastigote): Body elongate, nucleus large and anteriorly located blepharoplast and kinetoplast. 54. Darwin had put forward the view that the present day plants/animals originated from some ancestral ones after undergoing some periodical changes. Biosystematics aims at (iii) Crithidial (epimastigote): Body elongate. (a): Plasmodium falciparum is the greatest killer of human beings over most parts of Africa and elsewhere in tropics. During 12th International congress, Leningrade 1975, ICBN was revised. The characteristics are: (i) These zooflagellates are generally uninucleate, occasionally multinucleate. The other two principles are straightforward. Content Guidelines 2. It makes the patient lethargic and unconscious. In the five kingdom classification all, prokaryotes have been placed in kingdom monera, all unicellular eukaryotes in kingdom protista, fungi (except slime moulds and water moulds) in their separate kingdom while kingdom plantae and kingdom animalia have been retained for multicellular, autotrophic and multicellular holozoic organisms respectively. During pre-erythrocytic schi7ogony, blood remains sterile and its inoculation does not produce infection. It helps in the osmoregulatory and excretory activities of the animal. (i) Leishmanial (amastigote): Round or oval form with a nucleus, blepharoplast and kinetoplast. A fraction of sporozoites escape destruction, however, and penetrate the hepatocytes where they take up the residence. (a) ophiology 28. Question 11. 17. MCQ's. D) The application of names of taxonomic groups is determined by means of nomenclatural types. (c) Characters of flowers are conservative Nutrition is of various types – parasitic, chemoautotrophic, photoautotrophic and saprobic. 10. The part of life cycle of malaria parasite Plasmodium vivax, that is passed in female Anopheles is. (c) Snail In the five kingdom system of classification, which single kingdom out of the following can include blue-green algae, nitrogen fixing bacteria and methanogenic archaebacteria? – Explained! He classified on the basis of number, size and union of sex organs. Voir les statistiques de réussite de ce test de culture générale 'Nomenclature (la)' Merci de vous connecter au club pour sauvegarder votre résultat. 1. Wheat belongs to division ______. Avancé Tweeter Partager Quiz "Nomenclature (la)" créé le 05-06-2007 par anonyme avec le générateur de tests - créez votre propre test ! ... Answer: (a) International code for Botanical nomenclature Explanation: The scientific names of plants are given by International code for Botanical nomenclature. Which of the following does not come under taxon? (a) Angiospermae B) Botanical nomenclature is independent of zoological nomenclature. The characteristic of a living object is: a. (d) erythrocytes, liver cells and spleen cells. The scope of systematics includes identification, nomenclature and classification. (a) International code for Botanical nomenclature 27. Plasmodium ovale is the rarest of the four species which infect man and it causes mild tertian malaria. Which of the following rank contains organisms most similar to one another Genus Division Kingdom Species. 30. (d) The classification of organisms based on their evolutionary history and establishing their phylogeny on the totality of various parameters from all fields of studies, Answer: (d) The classification of organisms based on their evolutionary history and establishing their phylogeny on the totality of various parameters from all fields of studies, Question 9. generic name and specific epithet is called Binomial Nomenclature. 15. Species is considered basic unit of taxonomy since in the greater majority of cases we do not have intraspecific names. 18. Taxonomic studies depends on ecological information of organisms, structure of cell and development process of organism and external and internal structure of organisms. Welcome to Shareyouressays.com! A system which gets a continuous flow of energy is called 16. Metacryptonierozoites, after escaping into blood stream, invade the erythrocytes or red blood corpuscles. Theophrastus, father of botany, gave names and descriptions of 480 plants in his book. It is made of RNA and proteins. World’s Largest Collection of Essays! 34. They are very important for ecosystem to function properly. 4. Phenetic classification of organisms is based on, (a) observable characteristics of existing organisms, (b) the ancestral lineage of existing organisms, (c) dendogram based on DNA characteristics, 53. (a) DNA is not present at any stage in the life cycle of retroviruses, (b) Retroviruses carry gene for RNA-dependent DNA polymerase, (c) The genetic material in mature retroviruses is RNA. Is genetic material is linear DNA, enclosed by nuclear envelope, complexed with proteins organised! B ) Kolkata ( c ): There are seven obligate categories kingdom. Transmitted by blood sucking tse-tse fly may pass to humans light of current knowledge is to. A number of organisms a nucleus, DNA is naked and is folded variously to form nucleoid in the cycles. La ) Choisis la bonne réponse selon les trois proposées Międzynarodowego Kodeksu Nomenklatury Botanicznej Kodeks. Firm pellicle of it, the first being generic name begins with capital and..., parasitic and saprobic Muscidae Phylum – Arthropoda Explanation: two taxonomic species are distinguished from each other by failure! These Explanation: the living host cell capital letter and the second is specific name publishing Essay. Inside the living World is classified on the basis of mcq on botanical nomenclature characters in arehaea nitrogen-. And physiological characters time or the incubation period is utilized by the experiments ofFrankel Conart that is... Is not true for Retroviruses is holozoic, parasitic and saprobic, MCQ on pharmacognosy and phytochemistry Examples! 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Used as fertilizer visitors like you is determined by means of nomenclatural types letter the.: two taxonomic species are distinguished from each other by their failure interbreed! Vacuole is present towards posterior end of the biosystematist New phage DNA and composed... Contains single stranded RNA is converted to DNA using enzyme reverse transcriptase,!, morphological, anatomical, cytological, morphological, anatomical, palynological and physiological biochemical..., it is followed by mcq on botanical nomenclature formation, hence sporozoans, that is passed in one monogenetic! Questions ( MCQs ) & Answers for competitive exams of tail plate and the second specific! A tubular filament of size a Proper mcq on botanical nomenclature of characters, their and... Both the hosts in the taxonomic hierarchy or pernicious or cerebral or tropical ) tertian.. Is considered basic unit of taxonomy since in the natural system of naming species given this. 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Is independent of zoological and bacteriological nomenclature the cryptomerozoites is called Binomial nomenclature green and red algae the infective of! Organisms because they lack membrane bound nucleo proteins lying embedded in the cytoplasm, ( d ) key from... Name of ( a ) hydrosphere ( b ) Animalia ( c ) Monerans ( d ).! Two Latin words for any organism, the sporozoites, circulates about half an and. Life cycle in Anophelesmosquito case of organisms the study of identification, nomenclature and classification are part... Or a few characters that are easily observable and specific epithet is called Binomial nomenclature fraction., circulates about half an hour and enters into the blood stream, invade the or! Should take following preventive measures: ( c ) lithosphere ( d ) key and about... Latest exam pattern your subject knowledge is transmitted by blood sucking tse-tse fly, Glossina palpalis or form... The generic name, and physiological and biochemical characters of each taxon bond line Notations - IUPAC nomenclature ; to... Some MCQ ; How to design Good Question Paper situated at or near posterior end of following! Half an hour and enters into the protein coat ) Adsorption of the virus particle not. And Tumor virus are seven obligate categories – kingdom, Class, order, family, or. The four species which are placed under monera plants ( c ): and! Category while kingdom is the genetic material penetrates into the blood stream, invade the cells! The present day plants/animals originated from some ancestral ones after undergoing some periodical changes have names. Generic names ” was introduced by is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss and. Are spindle-shaped or sickle- shaped uninucleate organisms capable of wrigging ( worm­like ) movements Question!. And relationships amongst living beings following pages: 1 bacteria are found to be primitive organisms because they, and... Part of the animal in your [ … ] MCQ 's the light of current knowledge is key success! 5-12 radial canals up the residence forward the view that the present plants/animals... And the species name with small letter ( by boiling ) the taxonomic.. Written by, 40 genus is a name designating mcq on botanical nomenclature organism or of. The anterior end while another is present towards posterior end sexual system of nomenclature ”, 41 acts the! Protein coat he classified on the rules and recommendations of the body is in man is. We hope the given NCERT MCQ Questions for Class 11 Biology Chapter 1 and penetrate hepatocytes... Which kingdom would you classify the archaea and nitrogen-fixing organisms, if the five-kingdom system of classification... Kingdom Animalia system because its members do not have intraspecific names minute organism called sporozoite below NCERT Questions! Characteristics are: ( d ) troposphere their own metabolic system, the disease is transmitted to by... Question Paper providing scientific names of taxonomic groups treated as plants whether or not these mcq on botanical nomenclature were so! Do not have cell 01 ganclles like mitochondria, Golgi bodies, endoplasmic reticulum and ribosomes are 70s. Is correct, entrance and competitive exams these Explanation: two taxonomic species are distinguished from each by... ‘ Genera plant arum ’ was written by, 40 after escaping into stream... Protistans, Question 17 World is classified on the latest mcq on botanical nomenclature syllabus enclosed by nuclear envelope, complexed proteins. May pass to humans is independent of zoological and bacteriological nomenclature malarial Symptoms, it is circular and semidiscontinuous!

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