One of the most important advantages offered by disinfectants is for the control of diseases. Cleaning and Sanitizing 3. If you use chlorine for general house cleaning, use rubber gloves. Systems using chlorine gas also have the disadvantage of producing toxic disinfection by-products. Chemical. Chlorine is relatively inexpensive and readily available. * Chlorine is commercially available * Chlorine is very economical Disadvantages * Chlorine does not exterminate all bacteria. Advantages. Positives: No handling required. You must essentially pre-wash and pre-clean whatever it is you're going to clean with bleach prior to actually cleaning it with your chlorine solution. Chlorine Chlorine has been used the longest in the spa industry. Disinfectants can kill germs and microorganisms which may not be seen with the naked eye. Chlorine. This chlorine produces acids — hypochlorous acid (free chlorine) and hydrochloric acid — when added to pool water, whereas the first two chlorines produce an alkali. While a chlorine bleach solution is very effective at getting ink stains off your hands, you need to rinse it off well and use a rich hand cream afterwards. Concentration. If you increase volume of the water, the cost of chemicals will also go up. Disadvantage. 50 ppm in water. Contact Time. It comes in granular form and ideally should be dissolved in water before adding to your spa. Storage of chlorine Vinegar is much more expensive than usual cleaning products such as the cost of a gallon of vinegar is $13.40 while a gallon of bleach costs $3.05 which can be a major reason for people to avoid vinegar as a cleaning product 2. As a salient reminder, Chlorine gas was used as a chemical warfare agent in WW1. 1. Advantages and Disadvantages of Different Chemical Sanitizers. Chlorine gas; disadvantages: Chlorine is an extremely volatile and hazardous chemical and requires specific precautions for it to be shipped, stored, and used safely. Chlorine-based gases are implicated in the destruction of the ozone layer and as a greenhouse gas. It penetrates the surface of pathogens and once inside, begins to interact with intracellular enzymes and proteins, rendering them nonfunctional. Advantages * Chlorine is a powerful oxidizing agent thereby getting rid of a lot of bacteria in water. For instance, Phenolics types of … Chlorine is a toxic agent to biological organisms and kills them by oxidation. Used for pools and town water treatment. Generally, the mixing of bleach with other cleaning products is purely unintentional. Excess chlorine in water can combine with organic material in the water to form substances such as Trihalomethanes, which can cause liver, kidney, or central nervous system problems, and are linked to an increased risk of cancer over a lifetime exposure. The micro-organism will either die or fail to reproduce. If using a solution stronger than 200 ppm, rinse the surface with clean water after a few minutes of application. When bleach is added to ammonia cleaning products, that also includes urine, highly toxic Chloramines are produced which can result in similar health problems to chlorine gas. Advantage. Pros. The biggest drawback to spa chlorine is that it will add stabilizer to your water. Do not let the chlorine solution stay in contact with equipment for more than 30 minutes or it could corrode. If the chlorine solution you are using does not exceed 200 ppm, no rinsing of the surface is required. The major disadvantage is the possibility of disinfection by-products. 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